Human Challenge Studies In Endemic Settings

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Author by Euzebiusz Jamrozik
Genre : Bioethics
Editor : Springer Nature
ISBN : 9783030414801
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 145
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This open access book provides an extensive review of ethical and regulatory issues related to human infection challenge studies, with a particular focus on the expansion of this type of research into endemic settings and/or low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Human challenge studies (HCS) involve the intentional infection of research participants, and this type of research is rapidly increasing in frequency worldwide. HCS are widely considered to be an especially promising approach to vaccine development, including for pathogens endemic to LMICs. However, challenge studies are sometimes controversial and raise complex ethical issues, some of which are especially salient in endemic and/or LMIC settings. Informed by qualitative interviews with experts in infectious diseases and bioethics, this book highlights areas of ethical consensus and controversy concerning this kind of research. As the first volume to focus on ethical issues associated with human challenge studies, it sets the agenda for further work in this important area of global health research; contributes to current debates in research ethics; and aims to inform regulatory policy and research practice. Insofar as it focuses on HCS in (endemic) settings where diseases are present and/or widespread, much of the analysis provided here is directly relevant to HCS involving pandemic diseases including COVID19.


The Human Challenge

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Author by Avrohom Edelstein
Genre :
Editor :
ISBN : 1952370604
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages :
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The Challenge Of Being Human

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Author by Michael Eigen
Genre : Psychology
Editor : Routledge
ISBN : 9780429810954
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 146
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Freud wrote that the greatest problem facing humanity is its destructive urge. There is no one factor that solves the issue. The Challenge of Being Human explores tendencies that make us up and capacities that try to meet them. The shock of ourselves is perennial. We are challenged by our own aliveness and a need to open doors as yet unknown. We are not done evolving, growing, learning, feeling, caring. Growth of capacity to tolerate and work with experience is part of our evolutionary challenge. This book seeks to support us in whatever ways we can begin to meet this challenge.


Meeting The Challenge Of Human Resource Management

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Author by Vernon D. Miller
Genre : Business & Economics
Editor : Routledge
ISBN : 9781136224973
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 270
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While communicating is a vital skill for managers at all organizational levels and in all functional areas, human resource managers are expected to be especially adept communicators, given the important interpersonal component of their roles. Practitioners and scholars alike stand to benefit from incorporating an updated and more nuanced view of communication theory and practice into standard human resource management practices. This book compiles readings by thought leaders in human resource management and communication, exploring the intersection of interests, theories, and perspectives from the two fields to highlight new opportunities for research and practice. In addition to covering the foundations of strategic human resource management, the book: offers a critical review of the research literature on topics including recruitment, selection, performance management, compensation, and development uses a communication perspective to analyze the impact of corporate strategy on human resource systems investigates the key human resource management topic of the relationship between a company's human capital and its effectiveness directly discusses the implications of communication literature for human resource management practice Written at the cross-section of two established and critcally linked fields, this book is a must-have for graduate human resource management and organizational communication students, as well as for high-level human resource management practitioners.


To Err Is Human

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Author by Institute of Medicine
Genre : Medical
Editor : National Academies Press
ISBN : 9780309068376
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 312
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Experts estimate that as many as 98,000 people die in any given year from medical errors that occur in hospitals. That's more than die from motor vehicle accidents, breast cancer, or AIDSâ€"three causes that receive far more public attention. Indeed, more people die annually from medication errors than from workplace injuries. Add the financial cost to the human tragedy, and medical error easily rises to the top ranks of urgent, widespread public problems. To Err Is Human breaks the silence that has surrounded medical errors and their consequenceâ€"but not by pointing fingers at caring health care professionals who make honest mistakes. After all, to err is human. Instead, this book sets forth a national agendaâ€"with state and local implicationsâ€"for reducing medical errors and improving patient safety through the design of a safer health system. This volume reveals the often startling statistics of medical error and the disparity between the incidence of error and public perception of it, given many patients' expectations that the medical profession always performs perfectly. A careful examination is made of how the surrounding forces of legislation, regulation, and market activity influence the quality of care provided by health care organizations and then looks at their handling of medical mistakes. Using a detailed case study, the book reviews the current understanding of why these mistakes happen. A key theme is that legitimate liability concerns discourage reporting of errorsâ€"which begs the question, "How can we learn from our mistakes?" Balancing regulatory versus market-based initiatives and public versus private efforts, the Institute of Medicine presents wide-ranging recommendations for improving patient safety, in the areas of leadership, improved data collection and analysis, and development of effective systems at the level of direct patient care. To Err Is Human asserts that the problem is not bad people in health careâ€"it is that good people are working in bad systems that need to be made safer. Comprehensive and straightforward, this book offers a clear prescription for raising the level of patient safety in American health care. It also explains how patients themselves can influence the quality of care that they receive once they check into the hospital. This book will be vitally important to federal, state, and local health policy makers and regulators, health professional licensing officials, hospital administrators, medical educators and students, health caregivers, health journalists, patient advocatesâ€"as well as patients themselves. First in a series of publications from the Quality of Health Care in America, a project initiated by the Institute of Medicine


The Human Challenge

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Author by Rabbi Avraham Edelstein
Genre : Religion
Editor : Mosaica Press
ISBN : 9781952370304
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 393
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Every human being is presented with the ''human challenge'': How do I grow? How do I become wise? How do I sanctify the world around me and make it a better place? How do I work on my character? How do I integrate work and food and intimacy into my life's goals? This volume is an attempt to answer these questions for the intelligent and sensitive adult reader. It draws significantly on deeper Jewish thought, balancing brevity with profundity. The Human Challenge provides a rich and exciting entry point for those who are at the early stages of their relationship with Judaism as well as significant benefit to those with an extensive background, as it provides a methodical and sourced overview of topics that may otherwise remain as fragmented insights.


Meeting Place

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Author by Paul Carter
Genre : Social Science
Editor : U of Minnesota Press
ISBN : 9781452940182
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 272
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In this remarkable and often dazzling book, Paul Carter explores the conditions for sociability in a globalized future. He argues that we make many assumptions about communication but overlook barriers to understanding between strangers as well as the importance of improvisation in overcoming these obstacles to meeting. While disciplines such as sociology, legal studies, psychology, political theory, and even urban planning treat meeting as a good in its own right, they fail to provide a model of what makes meeting possible and worth pursuing: a yearning for encounter. The volume’s central narrative—between Northern cultural philosophers and Australian societies—traverses the troubled history of misinterpretation that is characteristic of colonial cross-cultural encounter. As he brings the literature of Indigenous and non-Indigenous anthropological research into dialogue with Western approaches of conceptualizing sociability, Carter makes a startling discovery: that meeting may not be desirable and, if it is, its primary objective may be to negotiate a future of non-meeting. To explain the phenomenon of encounter, Carter performs it in differing scales, spaces, languages, tropes, and forms of knowledge, staging in the very language of the book what he calls “passages.” In widely varying contexts, these passages posit the disjunction of Greco-Roman and Indigenous languages, codes, theatrics of power, social systems, and visions of community. In an era of new forms of technosocialization, Carter offers novel ways of presenting the philosophical dimensions of waiting, meeting, and non-meeting.


The Human Challenge Of Telemedicine

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Author by Philippe Bardy
Genre : Business & Economics
Editor : Elsevier
ISBN : 9780081028926
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 284
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Telepatients using connected objects to collect time-sensitive data about their health are not neutral carriers of diagnosable symptoms. Patients are persons, or personal beings as well as co-carers, whose personal experience, history and know-how must be acknowledged in time-sensitive telecare practices. Such practices require a relational ethics, inspired by medical ethics and an ethics of virtues, focusing on vulnerability and emotional health, to oversee telecare good practices, define a new therapeutic alliance compliant with patients’ values, and reconcile the technical and human sides of telemedicine. The ethical challenges of telemedicine in chronic patients today The key features of a person-centered and relational ethics in telemedical settings The concepts of “emotional health care and “chrono-sensitivity of the “connected sick body


Islam And The Challenge Of Human Rights

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Author by Abdulaziz Sachedina
Genre : Religion
Editor : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 9780199741694
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 272
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In 1948, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the International Declaration of Human Rights, a document designed to hold both individuals and nations accountable for their treatment of fellow human beings, regardless of religious or cultural affiliations. Since then, the compatibility of Islam and human rights has emerged as a particularly thorny issue of international concern, and has been addressed by Muslim rulers, conservatives, and extremists, as well as Western analysts and policymakers; all have commonly agreed that Islamic theology and human rights cannot coexist. Abdulaziz Sachedina rejects this informal consensus, arguing instead for the essential compatibility of Islam and human rights. He offers a balanced and incisive critique of Western experts who have ignored or underplayed the importance of religion to the development of human rights, contending that any theory of universal rights necessarily emerges out of particular cultural contexts. At the same time, he re-examines the juridical and theological traditions that form the basis of conservative Muslim objections to human rights, arguing that Islam, like any culture, is open to development and change. Finally, and most importantly, Sachedina articulates a fresh position that argues for a correspondence between Islam and secular notions of human rights.


How We Became Human

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Author by Julio Moreno
Genre : Psychology
Editor : Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN : 9781442228863
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 190
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How We Became Human: A Challenge to Psychoanalysis tackles the question of what distinguishes human beings from other animals. By interweaving psychoanalysis, biology, physics, anthropology, and philosophy, Julio Moreno advances a novel thesis: human beings are faulty animals in their understanding of the world around them. From this perspective, Moreno seeks to reformulate many of the classic psychoanalytic, psychological, and anthropological postulates on childhood, links, and psychic change.