Author by David van Mill
Genre : Political Science
Editor : SUNY Press
ISBN : 079145035X
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 270
A new interpretation of the theory of Hobbes.
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A new interpretation of the theory of Hobbes.
Leviathan and the Air-Pump examines the conflicts over the value and propriety of experimental methods between two major seventeenth-century thinkers: Thomas Hobbes, author of the political treatise Leviathan and vehement critic of systematic experimentation in natural philosophy, and Robert Boyle, mechanical philosopher and owner of the newly invented air-pump. The issues at stake in their disputes ranged from the physical integrity of the air-pump to the intellectual integrity of the knowledge it might yield. Both Boyle and Hobbes were looking for ways of establishing knowledge that did not decay into ad hominem attacks and political division. Boyle proposed the experiment as cure. He argued that facts should be manufactured by machines like the air-pump so that gentlemen could witness the experiments and produce knowledge that everyone agreed on. Hobbes, by contrast, looked for natural law and viewed experiments as the artificial, unreliable products of an exclusive guild. The new approaches taken in Leviathan and the Air-Pump have been enormously influential on historical studies of science. Shapin and Schaffer found a moment of scientific revolution and showed how key scientific givens--facts, interpretations, experiment, truth--were fundamental to a new political order. Shapin and Schaffer were also innovative in their ethnographic approach. Attempting to understand the work habits, rituals, and social structures of a remote, unfamiliar group, they argued that politics were tied up in what scientists did, rather than what they said. Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer use the confrontation between Hobbes and Boyle as a way of understanding what was at stake in the early history of scientific experimentation. They describe the protagonists' divergent views of natural knowledge, and situate the Hobbes-Boyle disputes within contemporary debates over the role of intellectuals in public life and the problems of social order and assent in Restoration England. In a new introduction, the authors describe how science and its social context were understood when this book was first published, and how the study of the history of science has changed since then.
Let David Lynn Golemon thrill you with Leviathan from the magnificent Event Group series. LEGEND COMES TO LIFE - TO BRING DEATH TO THE DEEP The ships of the world are under fire - attacks so sudden and vicious that most of them sink without even making a distress call. As navies from many nations attempt to locate the losses and find this destructive and hidden enemy, even their ships disappear without a trace. Enter the Event Group - the most secret organization in the U.S. government's history - a group of the brightest and best soldiers and scientists, led by Colonel Jack Collins. As they race to find a solution, they discover they are up against the most advanced undersea vessel in history - and an insane genius who wants to dispense his own twisted justice to the world . . . Praise for David Lynn Golemon and the EVENT series: 'Sure to satisfy fans of The X-Files' Publishers Weekly 'Imagine mixing in a blender Tom Clancy with the movie Predator and the X-Files ... non-stop action' Library Journal 'Spectacularly cinematic . . . a flat out adrenalin rush' New York Times bestselling authors Judith and Garfield Reeves Stevens David Lynn Golemon grew up in Chino, California and worked for the US military in a classified role. He now lives and writes in Long Island, New York. His Event Group Series includes the titles Event, Legend, Ancient, Leviathan and Primeval.
Reading is an essential life skill; it can raise intelligence and develop confidence in learning. Susan Elkin's handy, introductory guide outlines teaching concepts and practical strategies to encourage reading both in and out of the classroom. Topics covered include: - Creative suggestions to encourage reading in all age groups - Ideas to support reading for pleasure as well as for information gathering - Making the most of schemes offering incentives for children to read - This is essential reading for all teachers.
Leviathan Thomas Hobbes - Written during the chaos of the English Civil War, Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan asks how, in a world of violence and horror, can we stop ourselves from descending into anarchy? Hobbes' case for a 'common-wealth' under a powerful sovereign - or 'Leviathan' - to enforce security and the rule of law, shocked his contemporaries, and his book was publicly burnt for sedition the moment it was published. But his penetrating work of political philosophy - now fully revised and with a new introduction for this edition - opened up questions about the nature of statecraft and society that influenced governments across the world "Leviathan" is a work of political philosophy. Written by Thomas Hobbes during a time of civil war, it argues that sovereign rule is the most stable form of government. An early proponent of social contract theory, Hobbes' observations regarding the dangers of unrestrained individual freedom have influenced generations of thinkers.
Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan is the greatest work of political philosophy in English and the first great work of philosophy in English. Beginning with premises that were sometimes controversial, such as that every human action is caused by the agent’s desire for his own good, Hobbes derived shocking conclusions, such as that the civil government enjoys absolute control over its citizens and that the sovereign has the right to determine which religion is to be practiced in a commonwealth. Hobbes’s contemporaries recognized the power of arguments in Leviathan and many of them wrote responses to it; selections by John Bramhall, Robert Filmer, Edward Hyde, George Lawson, William Lucy, Samuel Pufendorf, and Thomas Tenison are included in this edition. Leviathan is divided into four parts: In the first part, Of Man, Hobbes presents a view of human beings and of the natural world in general that is materialistic and mechanistic. In the second part, Of Commonwealth, he defends the theory of absolute sovereignty, the view that the government has all the political power and has the right to control any aspect of life. In the third part, Of a Christian Commonwealth, he critiques concepts like revelation, prophets, and miracles in such a way that it becomes doubtful whether they can be rationally justified. In the fourth part, Of the Kingdom of Darkness, he explains various ways in which priestly religion has corrupted religion and transgressed the rights of the sovereign.
This work is based on the premise that a national state is a particular type of organization and, at any given time and like any other organization, its performance can be evaluated with reasonable objectivity. The authors, an international team of social scientists, examine the performance of seven states: Bulgaria, Canada, France, Italy, Germany, Spain, and the United States. These nations pursue similar goals - union, justice, tranquillity, defence, welfare, liberty - which, in one form or another, are common to all democracies. Using these goals as a checklist, the authors found that each of the seven states performs well in some areas and badly in others. They discovered that all states approached these goals in a style shaped by their own history and, in particular, by how they have been affected by the troubles of the 20th century. Their investigations offer an informative way of looking at these nation states and detail the social and political conditions in each state.