How Languages Are Learned

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Author by Patsy M. Lightbown
Genre : Foreign Language Study
Editor : Oxford University Press
ISBN : UOM:39076002586068
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 260
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'How Languages Are Learned' provides a readable introduction to the main theories of first and second language acquisition, relating them to approaches to classroom methodology and practice.


How Languages Are Learned

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Author by Patsy Lightbown
Genre : Foreign Language Study
Editor : OUP Oxford
ISBN : 0194541266
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 304
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Relates theories of first and second language acquisition to what actually goes on in the classroom Uses activities throughout to explore the practical implications of the ideas presented NEW Updated content gives teachers information about recent research on L2 learning NEW Activities and Questions for Reflection personalise content and support critical thinking NEW Extra Activities, Study Questions, and videos available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal


How Languages Are Learned 5th Edition

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Author by Patsy M Lightbown
Genre : Foreign Language Study
Editor : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 9780194406307
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 296
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Now in its fifth edition, the award-winning How Languages are Learned has established itself as an indispensable introduction to research in language acquisition and its relationship with classroom practice. Patsy Lightbown and Nina Spada have worked for over four decades in second language research and education. They are highly respected worldwide for making theory and research about language learning accessible and relevant to classroom teaching. This widely acclaimed book remains essential reading for second language teachers. • Updated content highlights the latest research into second language learning and its relevance to classroom practice • Activities and questions for reflection personalize content and support critical thinking • Chapter summaries, discussion questions, weblinks and supplementary activities are available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal


How Second Languages Are Learned

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Author by Roger Hawkins
Genre : Foreign Language Study
Editor : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 9781108475037
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 349
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A comprehensive introduction to second language learning for newcomers to the field, with frequent summaries and supporting activities.


How Vocabulary Is Learned

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Author by Stuart Webb
Genre : Study Aids
Editor : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 9780194403535
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 336
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This guide to vocabulary acquisition is essential reading for teachers of English as a second or foreign language. It presents the major ideas and principles that relate to the teaching and learning of vocabulary and evaluates a wide range of practical activities designed to help boost students’ vocabulary acquisition. Key questions which are answered include: • How many words should students learn at a time, and how often? • How much classroom time should be spent teaching vocabulary? • What is the best way to group vocabulary for learning? • Is it useful to provide students with the L1 translations of unknown words? • Why do some students make greater progress than others? stuart webb is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. paul nation is Emeritus Professor in Applied Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Teachers will find answers to many of their perennial questions about vocabulary learning—as well as some they had not yet thought to ask! There is research evidence to support established practices, but also new evidence that challenges old ideas. patsy lightbown (co-author of How Languages are Learned, with Nina Spada)


Second Language Learning Theories

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Author by Rosamond Mitchell
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
Editor : Routledge
ISBN : 9781444163117
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 398
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Second Language Learning Theories is a clear and concise overview of the field of second language acquisition (SLA) theories. Written by a team of leading academics working in different SLA specialisms, this book provides expert analysis of the main theories from multiple perspectives to offer a broad and balanced introduction to the topic. The book covers all the main theoretical perspectives currently active in the SLA field and sets them in a broader perspective per chapter, e.g. linguistic, cognitive or sociolinguistic. Each chapter examines how various theories view language, the learner, and the acquisition process. Summaries of key studies and examples of data relating to a variety of languages illustrate the different theoretical perspectives. Each chapter concludes with an evaluative summary of the theories discussed. This third edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the very latest research in the field of SLA. Key features include: a fully re-worked chapter on cognitive models of language and language learning a new chapter on information processing, including the roles of different types of memory and knowledge in language learning the addition of a glossary of key linguistic terms to help the non-specialist a new timeline of second language learning theory development This third edition takes account of the significant developments that have taken place in the field in recent years. Highly active domains in which theoretical and methodological advances have been made are treated in more depth to ensure that this new edition of Second Language Learning Theories remains as fresh and relevant as ever.


Understanding Second Language Acquisition

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Author by Lourdes Ortega
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
Editor : Routledge
ISBN : 9781444117059
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 320
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Whether we grow up with one, two, or several languages during our early years of life, many of us will learn a second, foreign, or heritage language in later years. The field of Second language acquisition (SLA, for short) investigates the human capacity to learn additional languages in late childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, after the first language --in the case of monolinguals-- or languages --in the case of bilinguals-- have already been acquired. Understanding Second Language Acquisition offers a wide-encompassing survey of this burgeoning field, its accumulated findings and proposed theories, its developed research paradigms, and its pending questions for the future. The book zooms in and out of universal, individual, and social forces, in each case evaluating the research findings that have been generated across diverse naturalistic and formal contexts for second language acquisition. It assumes no background in SLA and provides helpful chapter-by-chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Ideal as a textbook for students of applied linguistics, foreign language education, TESOL, and education, it is also recommended for students of linguistics, developmental psycholinguistics, psychology, and cognitive science. Supporting resources for tutors are available free at www.routledge.com/ortega.


Fluent Forever

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Author by Gabriel Wyner
Genre : Foreign Language Study
Editor : Harmony
ISBN : 9780385348102
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 336
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NATIONAL BESTSELLER • For anyone who wants to learn a foreign language, this is the method that will finally make the words stick. “A brilliant and thoroughly modern guide to learning new languages.”—Gary Marcus, cognitive psychologist and author of the New York Times bestseller Guitar Zero At thirty years old, Gabriel Wyner speaks six languages fluently. He didn’t learn them in school—who does? Rather, he learned them in the past few years, working on his own and practicing on the subway, using simple techniques and free online resources—and here he wants to show others what he’s discovered. Starting with pronunciation, you’ll learn how to rewire your ears and turn foreign sounds into familiar sounds. You’ll retrain your tongue to produce those sounds accurately, using tricks from opera singers and actors. Next, you’ll begin to tackle words, and connect sounds and spellings to imagery rather than translations, which will enable you to think in a foreign language. And with the help of sophisticated spaced-repetition techniques, you’ll be able to memorize hundreds of words a month in minutes every day. This is brain hacking at its most exciting, taking what we know about neuroscience and linguistics and using it to create the most efficient and enjoyable way to learn a foreign language in the spare minutes of your day.


Second Language Learning And Language Teaching

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Author by Vivian Cook
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
Editor : Routledge
ISBN : 9781134683222
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 334
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Second Language Learning and Language Teaching provides an introduction to the application of second language acquisition research to language teaching. Assuming no previous background in second language acquisition or language teaching methods, this text starts by introducing readers to the basic issues of second language acquisition research. It then examines how people learn particular aspects of the second language, such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and the writing system, and at the strategies they adopt in their learning and the differences between individuals. Final chapters look at second language learning in a broader context – the goals of language teaching and how teaching methods relate to SLA research. This newly updated fifth edition builds on the comprehensive scope of earlier editions while also addressing more recent developments in the field, particularly multilingual approaches to language teaching.


Second Language Acquisition Myths

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Author by Steven Brown
Genre : Education
Editor : University of Michigan Press ELT
ISBN : 9780472034987
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 209
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This volume was conceived as a first book in SLA for advanced undergraduate or introductory master’s courses that include education majors, foreign language education majors, and English majors. It’s also an excellent resource for practicing teachers. Both the research and pedagogy in this book are based on the newest research in the field of second language acquisition. It is not the goal of this book to address every SLA theory or teach research methodology. It does however address the myths and questions that non-specialist teacher candidates have about language learning. Steven Brown is the co-author of the introductory applied linguistics textbook Understanding Language Structure, Interaction, and Variation textbook (and workbook). The myths challenged in this book are: § Children learn languages quickly and easily while adults are ineffective in comparison. § A true bilingual is someone who speaks two languages perfectly. § You can acquire a language simply through listening or reading. § Practice makes perfect. § Language students learn (and retain) what they are taught. § Language learners always benefit from correction. § Individual differences are a major, perhaps the major, factor in SLA. § Language acquisition is the individual acquisition of grammar.