Author by Leonor Magtolis- Briones
Genre : Finance, Public
ISBN : WISC:89010260925
Type Books : PDF & Epub
File Pages : 686
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Ethics in Fiscal Administration: An Introduction integrates ethics into the public administration curriculum by weaving ethical dilemmas into the financial management and budgeting process of the public and nonprofit sectors. Inquiry-based discussion prompts challenge students to examine scenarios that they are likely to encounter in professional public service careers. Critics of the public sector often use the analogy that government should be run more like a business. Issues such as profitability versus social value preclude the public sector from becoming a mirror image of the private sector; however, ethical decision making in fiscal administration is an important concern across sectors. Using examples drawn from the public and nonprofit arenas, Ethics in Fiscal Administration: An Introduction will help prepare future budget managers and other public administrators for the important work of upholding the public financial trust.
For the last several years, Congress and others have been concerned about declines in the Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) compliance and collection programs. Many view these programs-such as audits to determine whether taxpayers have accurately reported the amount of taxes that they owe and collection follow-up with taxpayers who have not paid what is owed-as critical for maintaining the public's confidence in our tax system. Taxpayers' willingness to voluntarily comply with the tax laws depends in part on their confidence that their friends, neighbors, and business competitors are paying their share of taxes. As we previously reported, some declines in compliance and collection programs have been dramatic. 1 For example, from fiscal year 1996 to fiscal year 2000, the number of individual tax returns audited by IRS declined by over 60 percent. Furthermore, IRS was unable to pursue many delinquent taxpayers, deferring collection action on billions of dollars in unpaid taxes.
Accountability of government to citizens is the foundation for good governance. Unfortunately, many developing countries suffer the results of dysfunctional governance systems that fail to provide even minimal levels of vital public services. The key message of the New Institutional Economics is that incentives matter. In the public sphere, the countries' accountability frameworks rewards, sanctions, and measurement of performance shape public sector performance. This book applies this fundamental insight to fiscal/budgetary analysis and public service delivery, giving the reader tools and around the globe examples of institutional arrangements that help citizens hold government accountable for their performance.
The book, Sales Tax Administration in Bihar which is divided into two sections, examines in detail both the roles of indirect tax in the federal administration and empirical evidence of the role of Sales Tax in economic development. This book analyses and deals with the Sales Tax Administration of Bihar state. With critical analysis of Input and output of Sales Tax it focuses the light on the position of total revenue of 35 years of Bihar state and also critically examines the role of Total Tax and Sales Tax in economic led development. The more interesting portion of the book is the second part, which attempts to bring together the empirical evidence on Sales Tax administration. While there may be some theoretical basis to suggest the important policy role governments can play in effective management and improvement of Sales Tax administration.
Ready access to accurate and timely information for decision making is a paramount requirement for public sector managers to function effectively in a political environment where fiscal management comes under close scrutiny. This paper presents a methodology for use in developing an integrated network of systems to support the information requirements for economic management. Of particular importance is the concept of developing an information systems architecture that provides an overview of the systems network required to support fiscal management. The proposed architecture identifies the major component modules and the information linkages between these modules. This information architecture can also serve as a road map for systems implementation.